Structure, Movement, Sound, and Perception Models that take the form of artificial talkers and speech synthesis systems have long been used as a means of understanding both speech production and speech perception. The article begins with a brief history of two artificial speaking devices that exemplify the representation of speech production as a system of ... Article
Article  |   August 01, 2014
Structure, Movement, Sound, and Perception
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Brad H. Story
    Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
  • Brad H. Story

    Disclosure: Brad Story has no financial or nonfinancial relationships related to the content of this article.

Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Speech, Voice & Prosody
Article   |   August 01, 2014
Structure, Movement, Sound, and Perception
SIG 5 Perspectives on Speech Science and Orofacial Disorders, August 2014, Vol. 24, 7-20. doi:10.1044/ssod24.1.7
SIG 5 Perspectives on Speech Science and Orofacial Disorders, August 2014, Vol. 24, 7-20. doi:10.1044/ssod24.1.7

Models that take the form of artificial talkers and speech synthesis systems have long been used as a means of understanding both speech production and speech perception. The article begins with a brief history of two artificial speaking devices that exemplify the representation of speech production as a system of modulations. The development of a recent airway modulation model is then described that simulates the time-varying changes of the vocal tract and acoustic wave propagation. The result is a type of artificial talker that can be used to study various aspects of how sound is generated by humans and how that sound is perceived by a listener.

Acknowledgments
The research was supported by NIH R01 DC011275 and NSF BCS-1145011.
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