Speech and Hearing Sciences Coursework at West Virginia University Speech Science and Hearing Science are two introductory science courses offered to undergraduate speech-language pathology audiology students during their junior year. These courses are intended to provide a strong scientific foundation in normal processes that is essential for students’ eventual understanding of communication disorders. Speech Science is offered during ... Article
Article  |   July 01, 2003
Speech and Hearing Sciences Coursework at West Virginia University
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Norman J. Lass
    Department of Speech Pathology & Audiology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
Article Information
Hearing & Speech Perception / Hearing Disorders / Professional Issues & Training / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Articles
Article   |   July 01, 2003
Speech and Hearing Sciences Coursework at West Virginia University
SIG 5 Perspectives on Speech Science and Orofacial Disorders, July 2003, Vol. 13, 5-8. doi:10.1044/ssod13.1.5
SIG 5 Perspectives on Speech Science and Orofacial Disorders, July 2003, Vol. 13, 5-8. doi:10.1044/ssod13.1.5
Speech Science and Hearing Science are two introductory science courses offered to undergraduate speech-language pathology audiology students during their junior year. These courses are intended to provide a strong scientific foundation in normal processes that is essential for students’ eventual understanding of communication disorders.
Speech Science is offered during the first (fall) semester of the school year. It is intended to provide students with an understanding of basic acoustics, the acoustics involved in speech production and speech perception processes, as well as anatomy and physiology of the human speech production mechanism. Topics and subtopics addressed include the following:
  • Introduction

  • Basic Acoustics

    • Definition of Sound

    • Elements Necessary for Sound

    • Conditions Necessary for Vibrations

    • Types of Vibrations

    • Properties of Vibrating Systems

    • Sound Waves

    • Interference in Sound Wave Transmission

    • Spectrum Analysis of Complex Waves

    • Resonance

  • Speech Production/Speech Perception

    • Review of Phonetics

    • Speech Production: Generator-Resonator Systems

    • Nasal Sound Production

    • Sound Spectrography

    • Basic Characteristics (Acoustic and Perceptual) of Speech Sounds

    • Time-Altered Speech

    • Speech Perception: Vowels, Diphthongs, Consonants, Prosody

  • Basic Anatomical Terminology

    • Anatomical Position

    • Planes of Reference

    • Terminology for Anatomical Location and Direction

    • Tissues of the Body

    • Organs and Systems

  • Respiration

    • The Respiratory Passageway

    • The Skeletal Framework of the Breathing Mechanism

    • Muscles of Respiration

    • A Functional Description of the Respiratory Process

    • Respiratory Pressures

    • Respiratory Quantities

    • Types of Speech Breathing

    • Vegetative Breathing vs. Breathing for Speech

  • Phonation

    • The Supportive Structure of the Larynx: The Hyoid Bone

    • Cartilages of the Larynx

    • Membranes of the Larynx

    • Muscles of the Larynx: Extrinsic & Intrinsic

    • The Cavity of the Larynx

    • The Mechanics of Phonation

    • Theories of Voice Production

  • Articulation

    • Bones of the Skull: Facial & Cranial Bones

    • Cavities of the Vocal Tract: Buccal, Oral, Nasal, Pharyngeal, Isthmus of Fauces

    • The Sinuses: Frontal, Maxillary, Ethmoid, & Sphenoid

    • Jaw Movement

    • Major Articulators: Lips, Tongue, Palate, Teeth, Pharynx

    • Muscles of the Face and Lips

    • Muscles of Mastication

    • Function of the Articulatory Process

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